# Poor man's NAS

nasmybook

A Network Attached Storage(NAS) has been in my wanted list for quite a long time, thanks to Live Search Cashback program to make it happen: a Western Digital MyBook World Edition(500GB). More information about the hardware specification:

• ARM926EJ-Sid(wb) [41069265] revision 5 (ARMv5TEJ) 99.73 MHz
• Memory: 32M
• VIA Networking Velocity Family Gigabit Ethernet
• WD5000AAVS-0 500G HD

I believe 100MHz ARM CPU is powerful enough to drive this tiny box, but the limited capacity of memory cripples it as a lame duck. The sustainable file write(85G using lftp mirror) rate is approximately 3.8MB/s. It hardly qualifies any service beyond file server. Now, it is time to hack.

## Jailbreak and SSH

The first thing to do is to create a user in the web interface of MyBook as root with null password is banned for security reason. Log on with admin and 123456, create a user JOE and setup the password for later use. Run the script discussed in the wiki, and ssh with JOE. Now you can su to root with blank password, 0wned!

## User management

MyBook takes a very intricate way to manage users:

All Samba users are granted shell access, but unix password sync = yes is not set, the /etc/shadow and /var/private/smbpasswd are updated individually by a Perl script via the web interface. The only reasonable explanation is the minimized Samba lacks PAM support.

All user names are capitalized. I assume this is a brutal force approach to address the difference between Samba and Linux native accounts: Windows user name is case insensitive, while Linux is case-sensitive.

As the password scrambled in /etc/shadow, it is easier to add/delete/update users via the web interface, then fine-tune the corresponding files. The user administration executives are hidden in /usr/www/nbin

## Share with Samba

The default exported directory is /share/internal/PUBLIC, the permission of the directory is set as rwsr-sr-x, and the owner is www-data, YMMV. So any file/directory created will be owned by www-data.

remember to change the default mask in /etc/smb.conf:

create mask = 0775
directory mask = 0775

## Package management

Though I am a big fan of Gentoo, it is a little bit paranoid to build everything from scratch. A precompiled package management, like Optware makes more sense. Check out this tutorial for bootstrapping.

The essential packages for daily administration imho are screen, lftp.

## Feature requests

There are some itchy miss features, if you happen to know a solution or hint, please drop me a message in the comment:

Access Anywhere No mionet, just SSH. If you are a perfectionist, consider to port this Delphi application to MyBook to host MyBook in your preferred domain.